What would today’s world look like without the internet? It’s hard to imagine. This invention has changed a lot over the years. How was it created and where did the idea for it come from?
Early beginnings – genesis and concept
You probably didn’t expect that the genesis of the internet dates back to World War II. However, you had to wait until 1963 for hard data. It was then that an American researcher for the ARPA organization described in great detail the concept of creating a network of computers that would work on a similar principle and could cooperate with each other. Joseph Licklider, as he was referred to, stated that it would be a perfect invention for World War III. At that time, however, the network of computers was to operate only between universities in the United States
Packet switching method – Polish researcher Paul Baran
The author of the concept of data transmission, Paul Baran, is one of the people responsible for the creation of the modern Internet. His amazing concept turned out to be very helpful – he organized messages into digital packets that circulated around the network, looking for an addressee. In case of overload or unavailability of the address – the packet went to another node, and finally to the addressee by a circuitous route. Knowing the address, the packet would arrive at its destination one way or another
The real beginning of the Internet
ARPANET – is a network that came before the internet in 1958. It was created by the American research organization ARPA. However, the first nodes were created in 1969. It is this date that appears in history as the beginning of the Internet we all know today. At that time, only four American entities, including the University of California, were connected by nodes. Four years later in 1973, ARPANET began its globalization, which turned out to be an extremely slow undertaking. Only 100 network nodes were established in 10 years
The first e-mail in history
When was the first email sent? It was in 1970, when a test email to himself was sent by Raymond Tomlinson. Interestingly, he does not remember the content of the message. He probably typed a meaningless string of letters. This event has been considered for years as the beginning of e-mail, which, in contrast to ARPANET, developed really fast.
Social network in the late 1980s
Threads entered by users, read by other users, the formation of small groups of communities – all this was possible thanks to USENET. The system was created in 1979 and is considered the ancestor of today’s social networks. Even then, it was clear that the Internet would become a grassroots force that could not be controlled 100%.
Browsers and websites
The moment in history when Tim Berners-Lee came up with the idea of databases came more than a decade later. It took place in 1991.The information system worked on the basis of text documents with active links, which were called hyperlinks. This led to the creation of web pages, which are still the most important part of the entire internet today. The first browser, however, had to wait until 1994 – it was called Lycos. Google, known to all, made its debut in 1998
Beginnings of the Internet in Poland
The beginning of the Internet in Poland is considered to be 1991, when an employee of the Faculty of Physics of the University of Warsaw sent the first e-mail. The speed at which it was done was 10 kb/s, unthinkable today in the world of fiber optics and 5G networks. In those days, only a few companies and institutions used the Internet. The connection was really expensive, however, the business of internet cafes was booming. If you wanted to pay less for the internet, surfing the web had to be done after 10pm
Neostrada – the Internet revolution
In 2000 there was a major breakthrough. It was then that the Neostrada service appeared, which allowed for faster and larger data transfer. However, the average person could not afford it. Fortunately, this changed in 2004, as packages became much cheaper. In recent years, the Internet continues to develop, providing users with newer and newer features and opportunities.
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